Anytime I can simplify my block construction and achieve better accuracy I am all for it.
Making an Ohio Star block is the perfect chance to show you how to
make Quarter Square Triangles (QST's.)
The finished size of my bock is going to be 9 inches.
To make this block along with me you will need the following:
2 4-1/2 inch squares of light fabric
4 3-1/2 inch squares of light fabric
2 4-1/2 inch squares of dark fabric
1 3-1/2 inch square of dark fabric
Once these are cut I like to starch them. I have found this helps with my accuracy, especially when working with seams on the bias.
I am going to start by drawing a diagonal line on the 4-1/2 inch light fabric squares.
I use an ultra fine Sharpie for this for a nice dark line that is easy to see.
Underneath the fabric I use a very fine sandpaper that is attached to a clipboard.
It is a little trick that keeps the fabric from shifting when I need to mark a line.
With right sides together I pair the light and dark 4-1/2 inch squares. I need to sew 1/4 inch from the drawn line.
I prefer a small stitch when piecing (2.1 which equals 12 stitches/inch) and always sew with my needle in the down position.
Next I need to sew 1/4 inch from the other side of the drawn line.
When that is done I cut on the diagonal line, giving me two Half Square Triangles.
Time to press. First just lay the iron on the seam to "set the seam."
I am pressing to the dark side.
After carefully opening up the unit I press from the top. It is particularly important when working with these bias seams to not move your iron around,
but only lift it up and set it down on the fabric.
I lay two Half Square Triangles on top of each other-right, butting the seams together as in the bottom part of the photo.
With my ruler I mark a diagonal line down the middle.
Just like before, I will sew 1/4 inch from each side of the drawn line.
Feeding these units through my machine with the seam facing towards the needle like this helps to push those two seams together.
I take a quick look to make sure my seams have lined up well.
Now I cut right on the line I had drawn.
I now have enough Quarter Square Triangles to make my block.
Since my finished units need to measure 3" I will trim these to 3-1/2 inches. It is important to lay my ruler's diagonal line right on that seam line. A little math here lets me know that half of 3-1/2 is 1-3/4. That means that I will find the 1-3/4inch mark on my ruler and place it right at the center of the intersecting triangles. Now I can trim the extra off on the first two sides.
Rotatinf the block, I line up my ruler in exactly the same way and trim the remaining two sides.
All of my Quarter Square Triangle units now measure 3-1/2 inches. Perfect.
Time to lay all of my pieces together to make the Ohio Star Block.
Chain piecing the rows together being careful to keep the Quarter Square Triangles in the correct position. I sometimes triple check before sewing as I all too often have to get out my seam ripper, Jack, when I put them together wrong.
An important part of putting this block together is the direction I press the seams. I want to press them so that they go in opposite directions. If I can I liek to press towards the plain square to avoid bulky seams.
Making progress on sewing the rows together...
Before I proceed, I like to check to make sure my seam allowance is correct.
The middle squares in each row should now measure 3 inches across. If they are off, it is a simple matter to remove the stitches and adjust the seam. Sometimes, just moving the needle position one way or the other is all it takes to solve the problem.
With my seams all pressed in opposite directions I can nest them together and put a pin in to hold them in place while I sew.
As I will sew right up to the pin, leave my needle in the down position and remove the pin before sewing the rest of the way. I also slow way down when I come to these seams as it is easy for the bulk to not behave nicely if I am sewing to fast. My goal here is to have my needle land right on those intersecting seams.
This is what the back of my block looks like. To reduce bulk at the intersections I flare them open. This allows the seams to lay in opposite directions. When you feel the intersections from the front they will be quite flat which I really like.
Here is the view from the front. Just need to add that last row...
With all three rows sewn together it is time to square up this block to 9-1/2 inches.
One thing to be aware of in that process is to make sure I have 1/4 inch of fabric extending beyond the points on my star. If not, then I will chop off the points when I sew it into the quilt.
The Ohio Star is one of my favorite blocks.
I hope you will give the Quarter Square Triangles a try. This method is easy to use no matter what size your finished block. Just add 1-1/2 inches to the finished size you need, In this case I needed a 3" finished Quarter Square Triangle unit. 3 + 1-1/2=4-1/2.
How can it be that after 26 years of quilting I have never made flying geese. That all changed this weekend.
I followed the instructions in my pattern and enjoyed making them. I have never liked sewing triangles, stitching on the bias does not make me happy. With this technique, no triangles are required.
The flying geese units in this block will finish at 1.5" x 3".
From the yellow fabric I cut four 2 5/8" by 2 5/8" squares.
From the blue fabric I cut one 4 1/2" x 4 1/2" square.
With the larger square right-side up lay two smaller squares wrong-side up on top as shown. Draw a line down the middle and then stitch 1/4 inch from your line on each side. At first you may find it helpful to draw the sewing lines. Just place the 1/4 inch mark of your ruler on the line you have drawn down the middle of your squares and draw another line to mark where you need to sew.
Once your unit is sewn it is time to cut along the pencil line between your rows of stitching.
Press towards "the geese" and this is what you end up with.
Now for the very cool part:
Place another square on top of the unit you just made, Once again, draw a line down the middle. Sew 1/4 inch from that line (on each side of it.) Then cut on the drawn line in the middle.
Arre you ready for this?
Look at those beautiful flying geese units! My pattern called for making them oversize so now on to the trimming.
On the recommendation of the pattern designer I picked up a set of Flying Geese rulers by Bloc Loc. These are really nifty little rulers. The only drawback is you have to get the one for the correct finished size of your unit. So they may not always be an affordable choice for a project. But if this is a size you are going to use again and again then they really cut your time down. Let me show you what I mean.
The method I am going to compare to uses a regular ruler for trimming.
Line up the 45 degree angle line on your ruler with the seam of your unit. Make sure you leave 1/4 inch above the point of the triangle for your seam allowance and cut across the top. The bulk under that seam can cause your ruler to slip so be careful.
Next, turn you unit 180 degrees, and line up your ruler to the desired size of unit to be sewn (not the finished size of the unit, but the finished size plus 1/2 inch for the seams-in this case I am trimming the units to 2" x 3 1/2". ) and trim again. Notice, that I have lined up that 45 degree line on my ruler with the seam again. Rotate the unit and trim the other two sides in the same manner.
Now for the Bloc Loc version. The indented part of the ruler slides right into place along the triangle. Using the rotary cutter just run it along the right side and top of the ruler.
Turn the unit and trim again. ( I have really come to appreciate the rotating cutting mat that I have for trimming units like this.)
This is how they all went together.
I purchased a set of three of the flying geese rulers at a discount. The other rulers in the set are for flying geese that finish at 1" x 2" and 2" x 4". To use the same method I will cut my fabric as follows:
For the 1" x 2"
4-squares 2 1/4" x 2 1/4"
1-square 3 3/4" x 3 3/4"
For the 2" x 4"
4-squares 3 1/8" x 3 1/8"
1-square 5 1/2" x 5 1/2"
BlocLoc has created a chart with the sizes needed for this method which can be found HERE.
Links for the tools I used:
As always, what seems clear to me in my descriptions may not be so clear to you, so please make use of the comments section if you have suggestions for improving this tutorial.